The Japanese Association of Educational Psychology>The Japanese Journal of Educational PsychologyThe Japanese Association of Educational Psychology>The Japanese Journal of Educational PsychologyThe Japanese Association of Educational Psychology>The Japanese Journal of Educational PsychologyThe Japanese Association of Educational Psychology>The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology

The Japanese Association of Educational Psychology>The Japanese Journal of Educational PsychologyThe Japanese Association of Educational Psychology>The Japanese Journal of Educational PsychologyThe Japanese Association of Educational Psychology>The Japanese Journal of Educational PsychologyThe Japanese Association of Educational Psychology>The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology

The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology
About the Japanese Association of Educational Psychology > The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology > Vol.48 No.1 March,2000 > MARIKO INOUE

Patterns of Social Relations and Psychological
Adjustment Among Elementary School Children :
Using the Picture Affective Relationships Test

MARIKO INOUE (DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF THE SACRED HEART), KEIKO TAKAHASHI (DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF THE SACRED HEART) JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2000, 48, 75-84

We tested the hypotheses that(1) there would be no differences in psychological adjustment between children who had mother-dominant and friend-dominant patterns of affective relationships, because their framework of social relations would support their being, and that(2) "lone wolf" children, who by definition lack or underutilize human resources, would have difficulties in maintaining their adjustment. Patterns of social relations were assessed in 689 children from the third and sixth grades, through a self-report method, the Picture Affective Relationships Test ; their psychological adjustment was assessed by means of the Loneliness, Self-Esteem, and Self-Efficacy scales. The results indicated that there were no differences in psychological adjustment between mother-dominant and friend-dominant participants, but those who lacked affective figures had lower adjustment scores than their mother-dominant and friend-dominant counterparts. The typological analyses applied in the present research were discussed.
Key Words : social relations, psychological adjustment, elementary school children